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Toronto tops global liveability index for North Americans

Toronto is the most liveable location for North Americans according to the latest Location Ratings for expatriate living conditions published by ECA International, the world's leading provider of knowledge, information and technology for the management and assignment of employees around the world.

Good air quality, solid infrastructure, decent medical facilities, low crime and health risks have contributed to Toronto topping the global ranking for quality of living for American assignees.

- Michael Witkowski, Vice President, ECA International New York

Updated annually, ECA's Location Ratings system objectively evaluates a host of factors to form an assessment of the overall quality of living in over 450 locations worldwide. The system helps companies establish appropriate allowances to compensate employees for the adjustment required when going on international assignment. Factors assessed include climate; availability of health services; housing and utilities; isolation; access to a social network and leisure facilities; infrastructure; personal safety; political tensions and air quality.

Toronto is followed by Dublin in the ranking for North American assignees. However, the impact of some of the factors assessed, such as distance from home and differences in culture, language and climate, will vary according to where someone comes from.

“Where an employee is going from and to can affect the level of adaptation required on the part of the assignee for some of the factors we measure,” explained Witkowski. “For this reason, our analysis takes into account both the home and destination countries. So, while Toronto ranks at the top for Americans it falls to 30th for someone coming from Europe and 54th for someone coming from Asia. For European expatriates, Bern and Copenhagen are the most liveable location while, someone expatriating from Asia will find it easiest to adapt to living and working in Singapore.”

Canadian locations all fare well in the index with Ottawa and Vancouver sharing 3rd place globally. Boston and Seattle, both ranked 7th are the most liveable of the US locations listed.

In Latin America, Santiago (106th) is the easiest location surveyed to adapt to living and working in followed by Montevideo (107th). Haiti’s Port au Prince (262nd) is the most difficult.

Buenos Aires ranks 127th globally while Rio de Janeiro is in 143rd spot.

Global overview

In Europe, Copenhagen and Zurich, both ranked 3rd globally, are the easiest European locations for North Americans to adapt to living and working in after Dublin (2).

The locations to see the biggest movement up and down the global ranking were both in Europe: Tirana (184th) in Albania has seen the biggest improvement this survey largely due to a significant upgrade in its education score. Kiev saw the largest deterioration in its score following the unrest there over the past year. It fell from 139th place in the ranking to 166th.

Canberra and Adelaide are the best scoring locations in Australia (36th globally). Wellington, ranked 27th is the most liveable New Zealand location surveyed.

Singapore (92nd globally), is the Asian city that offers the best quality of living for North American assignees followed by the Japanese city of Hong Kong (98th). Beijing (143) and New Delhi (219) have the worst score for air quality globally followed by Santiago.

Tel Aviv (109th globally) is the location in the Middle East which requires the least adjustment for European assignees overall, followed by Dubai (118).

For North American assignees going to Africa, Port Louis, Mauritius, (113) affords the best quality of living followed by Cape Town (115).

Significant deterioration in scores were also seen in Freetown (Sierra Leone), Monrovia (Liberia), Tripoli (Libya), Sana’a (Yemen) and Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).

Globally, the hardest locations to adapt to living and working in are the Afghan locations of Lashkar Gah and Kandahar.

New allowance calculation system for expatriates in remote and exceptional locations

ECA has also launched a Remote Allowance Calculator to help companies rationalise the calculation of special allowances for staff working in remote and exceptionally challenging locations. It was developed in collaboration with ECA clients to provide a system for calculating location allowances for sites such as mines, plantations, military bases, oil and gas facilities, disaster zones and environments like the jungle, the desert or the Arctic.

“The term ‘remote’ in the context of mobility means a lot more than simple distance from home. It is often used for places where facilities are limited – for example where accommodation is in tents or dormitories, where flights out are infrequent, leisure facilities non-existent and medical care basic. That might include sites in a desert, a jungle or offshore, or expeditions,” said Witkowski.

“Standard location allowance calculation methodologies for expatriates aren’t designed to reflect these unique locations and circumstances, so we built a calculator that can. It helps companies sending staff into such places to establish consistent and fair location allowances by assessing the particular facilities on their sites or missions,” he added.

Remote Location Allowances can now be bought from ECA either through a subscription to the calculator or one at a time by contacting ECA.

Top 20 most liveable locations globally for North Americans
Global ranking 2015 Location Country
1 Toronto Canada
2 Dublin Irish Republic
3 Copenhagen Denmark
3 Zurich Switzerland
3 Ottawa Canada
3 Vancouver Canada
7 Bern Switzerland
7 Stockholm Sweden
7 Seattle USA
7 Boston USA
11 Greenwich USA
12 Geneva Switzerland
12 The Hague Netherlands
14 Stavanger Norway
14 Gothenburg Sweden
14 Basel Switzerland
14 Vienna Austria
14 Berlin Germany
14 Luxembourg City Luxembourg
14 Eindhoven Netherlands
14 Montreal Canada

About ECA's Location Ratings

• Standard allowance calculations:

Updated annually, ECA International's Location Ratings System measures the quality of expatriate living conditions in over 450 locations around the world to arrive at a fair and consistent assessment of the level of difficulty the expatriate will experience in adapting to a new location. Factors evaluated include climate; availability of health services; housing and utilities; isolation; access to a social network and leisure facilities; infrastructure; personal safety; political tensions and air quality.

ECA's Location Ratings are delivered through ECA's Location Allowance Calculator which offers a transparent and detailed system for calculating location allowances for expatriates relocating to a new country. The system recognises that where an employee is going from and to can affect the level of adaptation required on the part of the assignee for some of these factors. Users can select region-to-city allowances or city-to-city allowances, so that depending on a company's policy the system reflects the level of detail required. For the purposes of this press release an Asia base has been used.

• Remote allowance calculations:

In order to derive a supplementary allowance for exceptional locations ECA’s Remote Allowance Calculator allows for additional considerations to be taken into account on top of the standard calculation for the following factors: climate, accessibility, accommodation, recreation facilities, medical provision and family status.

To read more about factors influencing ECA's Location Ratings, download the free Location Ratings

About ECA International

Recognised since 1971 as a world authority in its field, ECA is a leader in the provision of knowledge, information and technology to inform, guide and support managers handling compensation and benefits for international workers moving around the world. ECA offers organisations of all sizes an unrivalled portfolio of data, calculation aids, salary management software, reports, guides, surveys and consultancy to help them structure and manage their international rewards programmes for long-term, short-term and permanent moves.

Follow ECA on twitter: @ECAintl

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